TEST

Colored Contacts for Hyperopia
1. Definition
2. Causes
3. Symptoms
4. Diagnosis
5. Examination
6. Remedy
7. Remedy Progress/Complications
1.Definition: :

The condition in which incoming parallellight ray through eye deflects and forms an image at a converging spot behindthe retina. Caused by shorter spherical diameter of the eyeball compared to theangle of deflection that depends on thickness of the cornea and crystallinelens, the image of the objects of sight forms behind the retina, and makes itharder for the person to perceive nearby objects while objects at a longer distanceappear clear.

2. Causes

The condition can be classified by itscauses: Axial Hyperopia, caused by short sphericaldistance of the eyeball and Refractive Hyperopia, caused by weak deflectivepower of the cornea and crystalline lens. Although the condition tends to begenetically inherited, the exact causes of hyperopia itself is unknown.
3. Symptoms

People with Minor Hyperopia, with enoughaccommodative force(the power through which the crystalline lens expands toprovide adequate deflective power to focuss the image of the objects onto theretina), do not display protruding observable symptoms and sometimes do notexperience any hindrance in vision. However, when the conditions become severe,people often experience decreased perceptive sight and amblyopia. When viewing objects far away, the accommodativeforce becomes stronger to enhance the refractive power of the crystalline lensto compensate for hyperopia, and when viewing objects at a close distance, theadjustment becomes even stronger. Such eye fatigue due to the adjustments workas a main cause of various types of visual acuity deterioration andaccommodated symptoms, including the eye pain and headaches, congestion ofeyes, fever, feeling of dryness, frequent blinks, teary eyes. When the excessiveadjustment of the crystalline lens and the conditions become severe symptomssuch as strabismus(the inclination of eyes to inward positions caused byhindrance in vision of two aligned eyes) or permanent cross-eye(the inclinationof eyes to inward positions even when there is no hindrance in vision of twoaligned eyesights). In the case for young children withhyperopia, who still display high accommodation power in general, there is atendency to try to enlarge the retinal image by manual adjustments such asbringing the book closer to the eyes. However, with age, the loss ofaccommodative force causes presbyopia to occur sooner compared to stereoscopiceye(a state in which parallel rays entering the eye in an unregulated state arerefracted and focused on the retina) or myopia(state in which parallel raysentering the eye in an unregulated state are refracted and focused to an imagethat forms in front of the retina).

4. Diagnosis

Diagnosis of hyperopia is not just determined by its symptoms. Rather, close examination of visionary acuity and anterior ocular segment of the eye, and retinal examination must accompany in order to find the cause for the decreased vision.

5. Examination

The method of examining refraction includes a retina inspection directly performed by a physician and an automatic refraction inspection utilizing an automated instrument. By implementing repeated refraction tests without utilizing adjustment paralyzant before the actual test, the patient can undergo adjustment paralyzant refraction test with an adequately relaxed state of the crystalline lens. In many cases(young or cross-eyed patients, patients displaying even severe adjustment conditions, patients with clouded eyes that cannot be subject to retinal examinations) the paralyzant refraction test must be implemented only after verifying that the actual results of refractive abnormality test and the extent of patient’s perception of refractive abnormality share similar degree.

6. Remedy

Even if a patient has a mild hyperopia, he/she does not necessarily has to go through correction as long as his/her vision is good and without eye fatigue symptoms caused by adjustment. However, if there are symptoms such as visual acuity deterioration due to hyperopia, amblyopia, symptoms of eye fatigue due to adjustment, the extent of refractive error obtained by the refraction examination can be corrected by using a convex lens. However, hyperopia accompanied by cross-eye symptoms must always be examined by adjustment paralyzing refraction test to correct hyperopia. For severe cross eye symptoms that cannot be remedied even with eyeglasses for correcting hyperopia, surgical treatment may be necessary. We can also treat hyperopia by using hyperopic corrective contact lens or hyperopic corrective refractive surgery. In case, of patients who have undergone surgery for cataract, there also exists on option of adjusting refractive rates of artificial crystalline lens so that patients can be return back to normal conditions.

7. Remedy Progress/Complications

Generally, when a child is hyperopic, the spherical diameter of the eyeball becomes longer, and the length of symptoms gradually decreases. However, as these children who have undergone treatment grow up, anomalies such as returning to normal eyes or even nearsightedness may occur. For adults, it is rare to find worsened case after treatment, but presbyopia, in which accommodation power decreases and closer things become invisible, can occur early.

8. Everyday Guide

For many children’s cases, there is a tendency of not letting youngkids use glasses when they can see distant place better, and also when they areaccustomed to adjusting their vision for near objects. However, such ignorancemay act as a cause for amblyopia or strabismus due to hyperopia. Wearingglasses is necessary for these patients.